How do your household chemicals affect the environment?

Millions of people use household chemicals every day to keep things clean, fresh, and pest-free. Unfortunately, we do not understand the damage we are doing to the environment during this process. If we look at the ingredients of these chemicals and how they are harmful to the environment, perhaps it is enough to make us change our ways and create eco-friendly homes for our own benefit and for our ecosystems.


Household chemicals include cleaning products (some of which include bleach, chlorine and ammonia), pesticides, fertilizers, paints, car liquids, candles, fragrant sprays, and many other environmentally hazardous household products. Household cleaners, cleaning products, batteries and garden pesticides affect the environment when they contaminate soil or water. Even constant exposure to small amounts of many harmful substances in homes can pose a long-term risk to humans and animals.

Many laundry detergents contain phosphates that can pollute the oceans. Phosphates in smaller bodies of water can contribute to the excessive growth of algae, which depletes the oxygen supply in the water and creates harmful conditions for the animals. Households with septic tanks are discharged directly into the environment and can reach water bodies without purification.

Household chemicals are made from ingredients that can be harmful or fatal if swallowed or ingested. Bleaching agent and ammonia in various cleaning products can cause respiratory health problems if exposed too much. Some toxic household products can cause birth defects, brain damage, coma or death. Normal home chemistry is also associated with many common health problems such as headaches, joint pains, sleep deprivation, asthma, allergies and depression. Housewives are at greater risk of developing cancer if they are exposed to harmful chemicals in their homes every day.


In addition to the dangers, there are also detrimental effects of their household chemicals on the environment and on our health. Overuse of antimicrobial cleaners has been shown to cause antibiotic-resistant germs, which can only be eliminated by more harmful chemicals. Pesticides damage the environment with harsh chemicals, which are only intended to harm certain pests. The propellants contained in the nozzles contain chlorofluorocarbons, which have been identified as harmful to the earth's ozone. We sacrifice a small portion of the rich environment each time we use pesticides at home. The negative effects continue when we look at everything we do in the environment and affect our own lives.

Detergents, detergents, pesticides and weeds often get into the soil and then into water bodies. These chemicals, as well as runoff, can be harmful or deadly to marine animals and plants. Residues of household chemicals can seep into the soil and contaminate groundwater supplies after improper handling. Everyday household medicines, cosmetics and chemicals are harmful to the reproductive and immune systems of fish and turtles exposed to harmful ingredients. Herbicides and non-biodegradable chemicals in soaps and shampoos are also harmful to aquatic organisms when they enter the water. Polluted waters affect the diversity and growth of marine life and continue to threaten drinking or resting. Also, wastewater is often emptied into water bodies, which results in people being exposed to these harmful chemicals.

What can we do about it?

Now that you know everything about the home's environmental effects, let's see what you can do. Buy natural cleaners that do not contain harmful chemicals, or buy all-in-one cleaners to cover most cleaning needs. Use baking soda, alcohol or vinegar as an alternative to harmful chemicals. Properly dispose of your dry cleaners and other hazardous household items so as not to affect ecosystems and your own health. Take the time to help the environment you live in and the remote people affected by your activities. Before making a purchase, make sure you are doing the right thing with your health and the environment.